# Introduction

The **National Science Foundation (NSF)** has established the program:
"Enhancing the Mathematical Sciences Workforce in the 21st Century (EMSW21),"
whose long-range goal is to increase the number of well-prepared
U.S. citizens, nationals, and permanent residents who pursue careers in the
mathematical sciences and in other NSF-supported disciplines.
Recently, the three New York based universities: Columbia-CUNY-NYU have jointly received a
1.5 million dollar (potentially 2.5 million) RTG (Research Training Group in Number theory)
grant from the NSF. The RTG program is part of EMSW21.
The goal of this Research Training Group
is to make the New York metropolitan area a premier world center and model for the study of number theory.
This a joint training effort involving three universities
(Columbia-CUNY-NYU) with eight principal investigators and
twenty-five other faculty all working in number theory and related areas.
We seek to provide an environment where postdocs,
graduate students, undergraduates, and faculty from the
entire New York metropolitan area study and work together in a
collaborative atmosphere that fosters research and development.

Number theory is one of the oldest branches of
mathematics and has recently played an important role in computer science and cryptography. Recent spectacular breakthroughs in the subject such as the proof of
Fermat's Last Theorem by Taylor-Wiles require an understanding of an enormous amount of mathematics, much of it outside number theory.
It is not possible any more for beginning students to study a small segment of number theory. The eight PI's of this proposal (Goldfeld, Kolyvagin, Kramer, Szpiro, Tschinkel, Urban, Venkatesh, Zhang)
have extensive overlapping interests but their combined expertise covers all of modern number theory. The scientific research interests of the team include algebraic/arithmetic geometry, hyperbolic geometry, automorphic forms and representations, Langlands program, analytic number theory, spectral theory, ergodic theory,
Lie algebras, algebraic number theory, elliptic curves, dynamical systems, and cryptography.

# Positions available

## RTG Undergraduate Summer Program, July 9-July 2, 2012

## RTG Undergraduate Summer Program, July 5-July 29, 2011

## RTG Undergraduate Summer Program, July 19-August 13, 2010

## RTG Undergraduate Summer Program, July 20-August 14, 2009

## Postdoctoral positions

Applications are invited for postdoctoral positions, jointly funded by the NSF
RTG award *Number theory*, Columbia University, CUNY and the Courant Institute, NYU.
*NSF requires RTG fellowship recipients to be US citizens or permanent
residents*. The initial appointment is for a period of one year, renewable
for up to two years.

Applicants are requested to submit current CV, research and teaching statements, and four references through www.mathjobs.org. All applicants should indicate potential supervisors among the RTG faculty, and the institution (Columbia, CUNY or NYU) they would like to be their primary affiliation.

The applicants should request that all letters of recommendation are submitted on-line, if possible.

## PhD Fellowships

Applications are invited for doctoral fellowships, jointly funded by the NSF
RTG award *Number theory*, Columbia, CUNY and NYU. Applications are welcome from applicants
with undergraduate degrees in any related area,
whose research interests and background match the interests of RTG faculty.

The applications should be submitted directly to the respective PhD programs:

While each student will have a primary host institution, the group encourages and will provide opportunities for collaboration with researchers at both universities.
*NSF requires RTG fellowship recipients to be US citizens or permanent
residents*. International applicants interested in
RTG activities are strongly encouraged to apply to the participating PhD
programs, and will be considered for other sources of funding.